Post-laminectomy syndrome is a condition where the patient suffers from persistent pain in the back/neck despite having had a surgery to treat the original pain. A laminectomy is a surgery where part of the vertebra (lamina) that protects the spinal cord is removed, typically to relieve the pressure or decompress on the spinal cord. Very often patients recover with good outcomes.
In some cases, despite performing the laminectomy, patients continue to experience pain. There are a variety of reasons why this may happen. The term "post laminectomy" syndrome encompasses any cause that results in continued pain following back surgery. Post-laminectomy syndrome may result from tissue scarring, a recurrent herniated disc or the presence of a remaining bone fragment near the treatment site. In other cases, it may be caused by continued narrowing of the spinal column, which is called spinal stenosis.